Thursday, January 17, 2013

MLK’s Arsenal & The Racist Roots of Gun Control in the US


C_MLKMartin Luther King, Jr., known for peaceful resistance, at the same time recognized the importance of gun ownership for self defense. King understood the risks involved in being an outspoken civil rights leader, living in Jim Crow era Alabama, and took measures to protect himself, his family and others around him.

King was a gun owner. In fact, he had a few guns, one visitor to the King family home described King’s supply of weapons as an “armory.”

Additionally, William Worthy, a journalist who covered the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, reported that he almost sat on a loaded gun while visiting King’s parsonage.

King had also applied for a concealed carry permit, but was turned down. According to John M. Snyder:

“At one time, King applied for a permit to carry a concealed handgun, but was denied. He was concerned for his personal safety, just as are a lot of law abiding American citizens. “

Even though King’s house had just been bombed, his application for the concealed carry permit was still rejected. Few people in the US needed a permit to carry more than Reverend King did in 1956, but since the local police had some discretion in their decision making, King, who no doubt met the requirements of the law, was rejected nonetheless. This was the norm when the applicant was black.

An example of discriminatory gun legislation, via Examiner.Com:

“This Reconstruction Era law in Louisiana is a perfect example:

No negro who is not in the military service shall be allowed to carry fire arms, or any kind of weapons, within the parish, without the special written permission of his employers, approved and endorsed by the nearest and most convenient chief of patrol.”

Kurt Hofmann writing for Examiner.Com elaborates on the racism behind these laws:

“UCLA Constitutional law professor Adam Winkler, hardly likely to be mistaken for a fervent gun rights advocate, readily acknowledges bigotry as the father of “gun control,” as he explained in an interview with the Wall Street Journal:

In his research for ‘Gunfight,’ Winkler also noted a close intersection between guns and racism. ‘It was a constant pressure among white racists to keep guns out of the hands of African Americans, because they would rise up and revolt.’ he said. ‘The KKK began as a gun control organization. Before the Civil War, blacks were never allowed to own guns. During the Civil War, blacks kept guns for the first time, either they served in the Union army and they were allowed to keep their guns, or they buy guns on the open market where for the first time there’s hundreds of thousands of guns flooding the marketplace after the war ends. So they arm up because they know who they’re dealing with in the South.’”

Another example is Tennessee’s “Army and Navy Law” of 1879:

“Among these laws, the forerunners of so called ‘Saturday Night Special’ legislation, was Tennessee’s “Army and Navy” law (1879), which prohibited the sale of any “belt or pocket pistols, or revolvers, or any other kind of pistols, except army or navy pistol” models, among the most expensive, and largest, handguns of the day. (Such as the Colt Model 1960 Army, Model 1851 Navy, and Model 1861 Navy percussion cap revolvers, or Model 1873 Single Action Army revolver.) The law thus prohibited small two shot derringers and low caliber rimfire revolvers, the handguns that most Blacks could afford.”

Because laws could not explicitly prohibit gun ownership by blacks, due to the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1875, more subtle methods were employed in order to keep blacks disarmed.

In the case of the Gun Control Act of 1968, one provision of the law was a ban on the importation of small, inexpensive handguns. It didn’t apply to domestically manufactured firearms, but at the time that market was served almost exclusively by imports. As noted by Roy Innis, of the Congress of Racial Equality, this law had the same malicious intent as its Reconstruction Era predecessor:

“To make inexpensive guns impossible to get is to say that you’re putting a money test on getting a gun. It’s racism in its worst form.”

Former Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley had some views on the subject:

“Outside the suburbs in the city, we have control, but what the hell, in the suburbs, there are — you go out to all around our suburbs and you’ve got people out there, especially the non white, are buying guns right and left. Shotguns and rifles and pistols and everything else. There’s no registration. … There’s no, and you know, they’ve had trouble with this national gun law, but after the president’s assassination, someone ought to do something.”

For a more in depth study on discriminatory gun legislation, read The Racist Roots of Gun Control by Clayton E. Cramer.

Cramer’s analysis, and this excerpt on the history of gun control, globally, both demonstrate that gun control isn’t about controlling guns. It’s about controlling people.

Aurora Century Theater Repoening

Aurora Century Theater is reopening.

Thursday doors will reopen for a private ceremony.

Victims, families of victims, and first responders were invited to the special event.

On Friday, the theater will be fully reopened, after having been remodeled.

Cinemark spent millions of dollars on the remodel and complete modernization of the theater.

Flooding in Indonesia Leaves 4 Dead

Flooding has struck Jakarta as well as other areas of Indonesia.

Four people have been killed by the waters, and at least twenty thousand were forced to evacuate low lying areas.

Some areas are reporting flooding of close to seven feet.

Downtown Jakarta itself has around two feet of water, in the streets, making travel near impossible.

Rains continue to fall, showing no signs of ending soon.

Missing From Texas: Brianna Casiano, 12

Twelve year old Brianna Casiano is missing from Grand Prairie, Texas.

She was last seen on Sunday.

Brianna is described as five foot three, one hundred and ten pounds, with brown hair, brown eyes, and has a scar on her forehead.

Anyone with information should call the Grand Prairie Police Department at 972-237-8700.

Missing From California: Morgan Stanton, 17

Seventeen year old Morgan Stanton is missing from Pleasanton, California.

She was last seen on Friday afternoon, leaving school.

Morgan is described as five foot, ninety-five pounds, with brown hair, and brown eyes.

Anyone with information should call the Pleasanton Police Department at 925-931-5100. 

She was found safe on January 18.

Missing From Washington: Raymond Wolford, 80

Eighty year old Raymond Wolford is missing from Centralia, Washington.

According to his security system, he left his house about 01:00 PST, Tuesday morning, and has not been seen since.

Police are heavily concerned as he suffers from dementia.

Raymond is described as five foot ten, two hundred pounds, with grey hair, and brown eyes.

His vehicle is a gold 2001 Toyota Avalon with Washington license 077VXR.

Anyone with information should call the Centralia Police Department at 360-330-7680.

HE HAS BEEN FOUND SAFE AND IS BACK AT HOME.

Update by blessinggiver on 11/13/13 at 08:45

Missing From New York: Stephanie Lorio, 26

Twenty-six year old Stephanie Lorio is missing from New York City.

She was last seen on Friday.

Lorio is from Griswold, Connecticut, but was staying in New York City at the time of her disappearance.

Stephanie is described as five foot seven, one hundred and thirty pounds, with black hair, and brown eyes.

Her vehicle is a blue 1999 Toyota Avalon sedan with Connecticut license 306ZMH.

Anyone with information should call Connecticut State Police Troop E at 860-848-6500.

She was reported safe, on January 21.

Missing From California: Baileigh Karam, 14: Located Safe

Fourteen year old Baileigh Karam is missing from Carlsbad, California.

She was last seen on Friday afternoon.

Cell phone videos have surfaced of her being attacked by another girl, at school, on Friday.

Her school has records of that girl threatening Baileigh, and police are looking in to possible links.

No description, other than the photo, was released by police.

Anyone with information should call the Carlsbad Police Department at 760-931-2100.

She was found safe on the evening of January 18.

Bombings Renewed in Iraq

During Wednesday and Thursday fifty-seven people were killed in Iraq, in a series of car and suicide bombings.

Hundreds more were injured.

Thursday's attacks focused on Shiites, as Sunni terrorists continue to try and bring sectarian strife.

On Wednesday, the attacks had been focused against Kurdish targets, including the party's headquarters.

It was the bloodiest day, for Iraq, in over a month.

The two deadly days came after nearly two weeks of calm.

6 Hostages Killed in Algeria

Algerian military forces tried to shoot their way into ending a hostage situation, on Thursday.

Since Wednesday, they had been surrounding a gas field that an Al Qaeda group captured.

According to Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb they had managed to capture forty-one foreign workers, and were holding them hostage. 

AQIM had put themselves on TV showing hostages with explosive belts, and the group warned Algerian soldiers not to enter the facility.

The decision to force a conclusion was made by Algerian command, anyways, and the results are still coming in.

At least six of the hostages and eight of their captors were killed in the gunfire. Twenty-five hostages are said to have escaped, while AQIM claims to still have seven hostages. Those numbers leave three unaccounted for.

Several news sources had said that thirty-five of the hostages had been killed, but that would not be possible with the amount confirmed to have escaped.