- Fever *Not everyone with the flu will have a fever.
- Sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Body aches
- Diarrhea and vomiting *Sometimes
- Wash your hands often, with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol base hand rub. This is the number one way to prevent the spread of infection. Teach children to wash their hands.
Clean hands prevent the flu:
- Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with germs, like the flu.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Germs spread this way.
- Try to avoid close contact with sick people. If someone is coughing or sneezing, try to stay at least six feet away, from them.
- The CDC recommends that you stay home for at least twenty-four hours after your fever is gone, except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever reducing medicine.)
- While sick, limit contact with others as much as possible, to keep from infecting them.
- When you sneeze or cough, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or sneeze/cough into your elbow, not your hand. Throw used tissues into the trash.
Care for yourself when you are sick:
- Get plenty of rest, give your body time to recover.
- Eat lightly and keep hydrated. You may have a poor appetite, that is normal when you are sick. It is important to drink and keep hydrated. Hot tea with honey and lemon are helpful, if you have a sore throat and/or cough.
- If you are congested, it may be helpful to avoid dairy, which increases mucous production.
It's prefer to treat symptoms and use medicine for each symptom. Yes, you will be taking more medicine, but you will not be taking more dosage of each medicine and you will customize your medicine to only those symptoms you have. You will not be taking medicine for symptoms you don't have. Example: If you don't have a cough, there's no reason for you to take something that has cough medicine in it. If symptoms persist, or get worse, see a doctor.
Certain people are at greater risk of serious flu related complications. This includes young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with certain long term medical conditions. If you are in a high risk group and develop flu symptoms, it's best for you to contact you doctor. Remind them about your high risk for the flu.
CDC Emergency warning signs:
- Fast breathing or trouble breathing
- Bluish skin color
- Not drinking enough fluids
- Not waking up or interacting
- Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
- Flu like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
- Fever with a rash
- Inability to eat
- Trouble breathing
- No tears when crying
- Significantly fewer wet diapers, than normal
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Sudden dizziness
- Severe or persistent vomiting
- Flu like symptoms that improve, but then return with fever and worse cough
This video was made for healthcare workers, but it's fun for everyone.